born 1946, is a specialist in history of literature and history of ideas, essayist and publicist. She began her studies at the Warsaw University and, having left Poland in the wake of the political crisis of March 1968, completed her education at Columbia University in New York. She taught at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. From 1998 to 2003 she ran the Ford Foundation’s programme for Central-European Europe. The head of the Institute for Human Sciences at Boston University until 2008, she is currently a professor at Princeton University. She has authored a number of books, most recently Miłosz i Brodski. Pole magnetyczne (Milosz and Brodsky. A Magnetic Field, 2007).