born 1943 in Sankt Valentin (Lager Windberg), Austria, is a poet of the ’68 generation, or the New Wave poets. In the 1970s and 1980s he was active in the anti-communist opposition movement in Poland; in the years 1976-1980 there was a ban on publishing his work. He was one of the editors of the first underground literary quarterly, Zapis (1978-1981); from 1982 to 1988 he co-edited Obserwator Wielkopolski, an underground magazine for the members of the “Solidarity” Trade Union and its sympathizers. His first book of poems appeared in 1968; most recently he has published the volume Kamień i szron (Stone and Frost, 2004). Selections of his poetry have appeared in the United States, Germany, Sweden, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Krynicki has translated into Polish such authors as Gottfried Benn, Bertolt Brecht, Paul Celan, Reiner Kunze, Nelly Sachs, Georg Trakl and Hans Magnus Enzensberger. He is the recipient of the independent Poets Prize (1975), the Koscielski Foundation prize (1976), the Jurzykowski Foundation prize (1989) and the Polish Minister for Culture prize (2006). In 2000 he was awarded the German Gundolf Prize for “the propagation of German culture abroad”. He is a member of the Bavarian Academy of Arts. He co-founded the publishing house a5.