Poet and essayist born in Moscow in 1947. He graduated from foreign-language studies. He made his debut in the late 1960s, publishing his works in underground publications and in the West. In the Soviet Union, the poems did not appear until a decade later. Initially, Rubinstein patterned himself on the style of creators such as Osip Mandelstam, Boris Pasternak, and Anna Akhmatova, however, with time, he abandoned imitation attempts for entirely original compositions. From the very beginning, he was closely connected with the painters’ circle, which was the best source of knowledge about new currents in art, constituting an indicator of the avant-garde of the time. Together with Dmitri Prigov and Vsevolod Nekrasov, he is counted among the creators and leading representatives of the Moscow Conceptualism, whose primary aim was to shock the audience. Working at a library inspired Rubinstein to create “card-art”, a form of poetic notation which involves dividing texts into single sentences and putting these sentences on cards. Compositions obtained this way, often constituting a patchwork of quotations, may be read in random order, allowing for very diverse interpretations.

Rubinstein’s oeuvre includes poems and collections of essays. To date, his texts have been translated into English, German, Finnish, Spanish, and Polish, among others. In 1999, the poet received the Andrei Bely Prize – a symbolic rouble and a bottle of vodka. He took part in numerous international literary and music festivals. He regularly publishes feature articles in the grani.ru online magazine.